Bed bugs have been reported as pests since the 17th century and were introduced into this country by early colonists. They were common in the United States before World War II, after which the widespread use of synthetic insecticides, such as DDT, significantly reduced their number. Improving household and personal cleanliness, as well as tightening the regulation of the used furniture market, also likely contributed to lowering their pest status.
In the last decade, bed bugs have begun to return throughout the United States. The widespread use of lures, rather than insect sprays, to fight ants and cockroaches is a factor that has influenced their return. It is believed that international travel and commerce contribute to the spread of these hitchhikers because eggs, young and adult bed bugs are easily transported in luggage, clothes, bedding and furniture. Bed bugs can infect planes, ships, trains and buses. Bed bugs are most often found in houses with a high level of turnover of residents, such as hotels, motels, hostels, hostels, shelters, housing estates, apartment buildings and prisons. Such infections usually do not reflect poor hygiene or poor cleaning.
"New" old threat
What are the risks? As insects appear, bed bugs are technically more a nuisance than a danger, and it has not been shown that they can transmit the disease from person to person. Unfortunately, this fact does nothing to reduce the potentially huge negative impact on victims. Even in the event of a minor infection, bitten people can get multiple bites in a few nights before they determine what causes them. Depending on the sensitivity of the person, the effect of these bites can range from small red dots to large scars that itch and can become irritated and infected when scratches appear.
How big is the growth? It is difficult to quantify this revival, there is no national database in which information is stored, and for obvious reasons individuals and companies do not want to openly share their experience … You would stay at a hotel that admitted that they had problems with bed bugs ? Available data does not look very good. Nationwide; according to a study conducted in March 2005 by the magazine Pest Control Technology, the number of complaints about bedbugs increased by 19% over 18 months.
In recent years, New York has attracted considerable attention. While New York has no official data on complaints of bugs, pest control experts and scientists claim that a serious outbreak has erupted in the city. Tom Nimetz, who led the Better Pest Control Management organization in Brooklyn for 35 years, said that over the past two years he has been called up for more than 500 bed bugs compared to one or two cases a year.
New York was also the focus of national media in 2003, when a Mexican businessman sued Helmsley Park Lane Hotel after he and his companion were allegedly hit by multiple bites of bed bugs in the trunk, arms and neck in stay at the hotel overlooking Central Park. , Helmsley Enterprises Inc., the hotel owner, settled the lawsuit calmly in 2004. Stopping confirming bed bugs was a problem, company spokesman Howard Rubenstein said the hotel had no problems with bed bugs since the lawsuit was filed. ,
The magnitude of the problem in New York can be clarified by the efforts of New York City Councilor Gale Brewer. In May 2005, a member of the Council of Brewer introduced a bill that would be a major achievement in the city’s fight against the growing infection of bed bugs. In addition to prohibiting the sale of remanufactured mattresses, Brewer’s legislation would create a Bedbug Detection Task Force that would be responsible for monitoring the extent of this dynamic problem and developing long-term policy solutions to curb the spread of this infection.
“Bed bugs already pose a huge threat to New Yorkers and have real potential for threatening the city’s economy,” Brewer said. Yes, fine, but what about me? In the United States, pest control companies report an increase in bed bug activity nationwide. Orkin, one of North America's largest and most experienced pest control companies, says it has dealt with bed bugs in 47 states and estimates bed bugs are up 25-30% over the next four to five years. Even without accurate data on the increase in the number of bed bugs, one thing is certain. If your business involves temporary people, furniture or housing, you will have to face this problem at some point – and probably sooner rather than later.
I already have them and how do I know? Despite the fact that the bugs are small, about 1/5 inch in length, the size of a ladybug, they are easy to see with the naked eye. They are wingless, oval, oblate and crawling at a constant speed. They are rusty red or red. Nymphs (young) look identical to adults except for their smaller size and lighter yellowish-white color. The eggs are white and have a length of about 1/32 inch. Recently hatched bugs are almost colorless.
Bed bugs are active at night when they leave their daytime resting place in cracks and crevices to search for human blood. When checking bedding in the middle of the night, you have the best opportunity to find bed bugs on the go. Bedbug bites are usually two or three in a row, and often blood stains on the leaf. Any nearby crack or crevice can serve as a day shelter for bed bugs. Look for bed bugs under the folds on the mattresses, at the seams and between the bed supports and bed slats. In the presence of a large number of bed bugs, they emit a characteristic pungent odor. Numerous dark fecal spots on flax or near cracks are another sign of infection with bedbugs.
Dealing with them
As with most pest problems, the goal is to act quickly and carefully. Enlist the services of a reputable pest control professional with experience specifically with bed bugs. According to Stoy Hedges, BCE, Terminix Maintenance Manager, “Terminix has seen a significant increase in bed bugs over the past few years, and these errors are now found in single-family homes. the experience of an experienced pest control company. "Treatment usually includes the following steps:
1. Complete a thorough inspection of areas suspected of being infected. This should include furniture, bedding, personal items, and the environment 1. A thorough and thorough inspection of areas suspected of being infected. This should include furniture, bedding, personal items and surrounding buildings.
2. Treatment of all infected areas and objects.
3. The use of IGR (insect growth regulators), which are residual chemicals that help reduce the risk of further infection.
4. Follow-up examinations and treatment if necessary.
Although this procedure seems rather simple and similar to that which can be expected from other insect pests, the difference does appear when working directly with the client.
The gross factor. The “rough” factor is extremely high with this problem. If such comments are not enough to convince you: “I’ve been beaten off, I’m terrified and disgusted,” said the mother of three, who lives in a prestigious building in Jackson Heights, Queens, where there are bed bugs. Spreading over 26 apartments, fast surfing the world wide web should do this, with lawsuits with high dollars filed more and more.
Policies, Procedures, and Responsibilities
Since claims were filed in the amount of over 20 million. US liability is a major concern. Although you may not be able to stop yourself from being prosecuted, you can certainly go a long way towards protecting yourself by solving any problems in an educated and consistent way.
1. Development and maintenance of a comprehensive company policy. At a minimum, this policy should clearly reflect your company's position regarding issues, training, responsibility, and customer relationships.
2. Design and maintain concise and well-thought-out procedures that fit your most likely scenarios. Even if each situation that you encounter is different, knowing what to do in the most common situations will give you a basic level.
3. Train your staff. Best policies and procedures mean nothing unless they are general knowledge and common practice. Careful training and strict adherence send a strong signal to customers and employees. This message is: "We are dealing with this problem, and you are part of the solution."